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Eine Familie vor ihrer Solaranlage in Tadschikistan.

Hydroelectric and Solar Power to Fight Deforestation

Project Status Completed
Main sector
Agriculture & Environment Agriculture and Environment
Kerstin Bandsom Team Communications

Tajikistan's energy supply is incomplete and unreliable. Residents of rural regions in particular have no reliable access to power, with power being allocated by the hour during the winter. Lacking alternatives, people use firewood from the forests and dried dung to warm their houses, livestock and ovens.

Carpenters are trained in building insulated windows.
Carpenters are trained in building insulated windows. © Welthungerhilfe

Energy Efficiency Instead of Traditional Fireplaces

Traditional fireplaces burn extremely inefficiently and use a lot of fuel. They also do not have flues. As a result, many women and children suffer chronic respiratory ailments. In addition, they also have the difficult and time-consuming task of gathering wood and dung outside of the villages.

Since 2004, Welthungerhilfe and local partners have been working to improve living conditions in the villages of the provinces Khatlon and Sughd. They are focusing on renewable energy and energy efficiency. Both provinces have a dry climate with a lot of sun. At the same time, natural reserves of firewood are scarce.

Since forests have been logged three to four times more quickly than they can regrow for decades, rates of soil erosion and desert formation are increasing.

Traditional stoves and ovens are heated with firewood or animal dung.
Traditional stoves and ovens are heated with firewood or animal dung. © Welthungerhilfe
How Welthungerhilfe Supports People in Tajikistan

In conjunction with local tradespeople, Welthungerhilfe has developed improved ovens and waste heat fireplaces that do not produce smoke and use 30-70% less energy.

The project as a whole has already significantly reduced pressure on the remaining natural resources. In addition, both private households and the manufacturing sector are benefiting from reliable and cost-effective renewable energy.

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