Fleeing From War and Violence
Iraq continues to be a country at war. Since August 2014, when the “Islamic State” (IS) began its advance in north-western Iraq, 3.2 million people have been displaced. Many found refuge with host families, and others live in camps or cellars and backyards. The strain on the population is huge. The people who are still fleeing often lack food, drinking water, sanitation facilities, basic medical care, clothing and blankets. They need education and employment. Welthungerhilfe provides local support by distributing the most urgently needed goods.
With the developments of 2017, tens of thousands of people can return to the regions retaken from IS, including the areas surrounding Nineveh and Mosul. Now it is time to rebuild damaged infrastructure, energy supply, schools and roads. However, many aid measures are already underfunded. The challenges are great.
Creating Prospects for Returnees
When refugees decide to return home, they have often lost everything. In the province of Nineveh, Welthungerhilfe and the Gesellschaft für internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) support returnees and remaining residents with Cash for Work measures. Project participants are incorporated into the rehabilitation of infrastructure while receiving an income approximately equivalent to EUR 236.00 per job.
Various demographics are actively involved in planning the activities, allowing them to meet their individual needs. This should help reduce the tensions surrounding the coexistence of different local population groups.
Institutional donor: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Federal Foreign Office, World Food Programme (WFP)