Afghanistan is one of the world’s poorest countries. The economy does not grow on its own, depending in large part on international aid. Especially rural areas face great challenges to self-sustaining growth: a lack of infrastructure, an exclusively agricultural economy and a literacy rate of only 10%. The country is the world’s largest producer of heroin, opium and cannabis. Large profit margins and a hopeless security situation – Afghanistan has been wracked by civil war since 1979 – make it difficult to introduce alternative crops.
Global Hunger Index (GHI) of Welthungerhilfe and partner calculates the nutritional situation of a country once a year. The lower the GHI value, the better the rank and the better the situation.More about Global Hunger Index