Land Grabbing continues to be a sad reality for more than 30 million people who lost access to land, the basis of their livelihood and food security. In total, around 2.5 billion farmers and members of indigenous peoples use more than half of the world’s land. But their land rights are not secure. There is a fierce competition about dwindling natural resources – water, land and forests. Foreign investors and national influential actors use their power to acquire large tracts of land, often for export production, sometimes for mere speculation, but often with disregard for land rights and to the detriment of food security.
To address the problem of Land Grabbing, the United Nations adopted in the framework of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) in 2012 a new instrument, the “Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security”, short: VGGT.